national Flag is light blue with a white edged horizontal
black stripe in the centre. The blue represents sky
and water, while the black and white symbolise equality
and unity between
races. The light blue colour resembles that of the Lilac
Breasted Roller and it is thus no wonder that this bird
is called by many of the locals, the national bird.
meaning of the coat of arms is as follows: Three cogwheels
stand for industry, whilst the bullhead symbolises the
cattle industry. The three wavy blue lines represent
the importance of water. Black and white strips stand
for racial co-operation. The two zebras and elephant
tusk represent Botswana natural fauna, the head of sorghum
stands for agriculture and the motto "Pula"
means let there be rain.
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be this noble land
Gift to us from god strong hand,
Heritage our fathers left to us,
May it always be at peace.
awake! O men, awake!
And woman close behind them stand!
Together we'll work and serve,
This land, this happy land.
of beauty and of fame,
The name Botswana to us came,
Through our unity and harmony,
We'll remain at peace as one.
Zebra is the unofficial animal of the nation. To the
local people, the zebra is phrased "Makgabisa Naga"
which means to make the bush beautiful.
of the most important words in Botswana is "Pula".
Not only is this the national unit of currency it also
means rain and rain is life. With the majority of the
country being semi-arid, rain is very important. The
word pula can also be used as a toast.
shields, "dithebe", make one Pula. The Pula
currency was introduced in 1976.
rhyme to remember, in Botswana many people are referred
to as Batswana, one person is a Motswana and the language
spoken is Setswana.
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of the water used in Botswana comes from boreholes.
Some of the water being tapped is considered fossil
and has been dated at 33 000 years.
ground water is of great importance since it is estimated
that 75% of the human and stock population depend on
average annual rainfall across Botswana is between 250mm
and 650mm and the rainy season would be considered late
October to early April.
climate of Botswana is best described as dry, generally
warm to hot. Winter (May to September) nights can fall
services are organised according to the size of the
population to be served. The mobile clinic being at
the bottom of the health facilities and serving populations
of less than 500 people. Most people are within 15km
of a health care facility.
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