Beers operates all diamond-mining activities in the
country under the name "Debswana", which stands
for De Beers Botswana Mining Company.
mining activities include potash and copper/nickel.
Gold was discovered in the late 1860's in the Northeast
of the country.
first white prospectors latched on to the fact that
in the eastern part of Botswana there was a long gold
mining history. These prospectors used ancient workings
to help them locate gold.
Reports indicate that it was not uncommon to start a
new shaft and find one of these ancient shafts running
into it. It was also not uncommon to find all traces
of gold removed along these
bygone tunnels. The man largely responsible for the
Northern Light Gold and Exploration Company a forerunner
to the Tati Company, Daniel Francis, has the second
largest town in Botswana is named after him.
mining in the area lasted from about 1869 to 1905. The
last mine, "The Monarch" closing in 1964.
reserves in Botswana are estimated at over 100 billion
tons, this is almost twice the reserve of South Africa,
Swaziland and Zimbabwe.
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The third biggest industry in Botswana is Agriculture
with +/- 80% of the people living in rural areas, farming
livestock. Crops like maize, sorghum, millet and beans
are also cultivated.
outnumber people three to one, and Botswana is renown
for its good beef, most of which is exported.
the 1980's, numbers of cattle exceeded 3 million head
- an average of 6 animals per sq. km., compared to 1.5
persons per sq. km.
the rural areas, cattle are considered to be the backbone
of the nation, with one in two families owning cattle
and referring to them as "Modimo o o nko e metsi"
which translated 'means "God with a wet nose".
the rural communities of Botswana, one in every two
families own cattle. The these people cattle are considered
the backbone of the nation and are referred to as "Modimo
o o nko e metsi" which translated means "A
God with a wet nose".
also play an important part in the economy and are considered
as the poor people's cattle. Their numbers are estimated
at over 1.7 million and goats are used for milk, occasional
meat and income.
70% of all farmers keep goats at an average herd size
of 22 animals.
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